“Telesurgical evaluation of stable thoracic trauma patients: A feasibility study.”
Bhatia, P. D., D. A. Bottoni, et al. (2011).
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery 37(3): 297-303.
Background: We evaluated a robotic telesurgical platform in managing thoracic trauma in an animal model. Study design: The da Vinci® robot was used to evaluate and treat a random number of blinded injuries in ten porcine thoraces. Results: Ninety-five percent of injuries were correctly identified. The median survey time was 20.5 min (range 16-63 min). The mean time to repair lung lacerations was 19.8 min (range 14-27.5 min) and to evacuate the hemothoraces, it was 5.3 min (range 4.5-6.5 min). Diaphragmatic lacerations required repositioning of the ports and the robot. Only two out of five lacerations were successfully repaired (mean time 38.8 min, range 32.5-45 min). All aortic injuries were correctly identified. One subject died of a pre-existing pneumonia. Conclusions: A robotic telesurgical approach to the evaluation of stable thoracic trauma patients is safe and feasible in a porcine model. Diaphragmatic injuries can be repaired but require repositioning of the robot. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.