“Nursing care for patients undergoing transoral robotic surgery.”
Murray, S. (2009).
ORL Head Neck Nurs 27(1): 8-12.
Otorhinolaryngologists began developing new operative techniques to minimize open surgical resections of the head and neck. While striving to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with head and neck surgery and decrease the many psychosocial issues facing these patients, a new procedure defined as Transoral Robotic Surgery (TORS) was developed. With the development of new surgical techniques, nursing care must also change to meet the needs of the patient. As the TORS procedure becomes fully defined, so is nursing’s role in the care of the patient. This paper aims to define TORS and discuss the nursing care of the patient undergoing this new surgical procedure.
“Feasibility of transoral lateral oropharyngectomy using a robotic surgical system for tonsillar cancer.”
Park, Y. M., J. G. Lee, et al. (2009).
Conventional surgical approaches for tonsillar carcinomas have a great risk for developing treatment-related morbidity. To minimize this morbidity, transoral lateral oropharyngectomy (TLO) using the robotic surgical system was performed, and the efficacy and feasibility of this procedure was evaluated. TLO was performed using the da Vinci surgical robot (Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA). It consists of a surgeon’s console and a manipulator cart equipped with three robotic arms. The surgeon is provided with three-dimensional magnified images from the endoscopic arm and can control two instrument arms for delicate operations from the console. Safe resection of tonsillar carcinoma was possible with the three-dimensional magnified images. When proceeding with resection of the buccopharyngeal fascia, we could prevent damage to the carotid artery, which is located posterolateral to the tonsillar fossa, since the joint at the distal part of the robotic arm can be bent freely from side to side. By using the 30 degrees endoscope, we can achieve a better surgical view of the base of the tongue area. TLO was performed successfully in all five patients without surgical complications. The mean operating time was 44min, and an average of 19min was required for setting up the robotic system. TLO using the robotic system will be a good option for organ preservation therapy in the treatment of carcinomas of the tonsil and the tonsillar fossa in the future.
“Transoral Robotic Surgery (TORS) in Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal Cancer.”
Park, Y. M., W. J. Lee, et al. (2009).
Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A.
Abstract Objectives: The current trend in managing laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer is to perform organ preservation therapy, which improves quality of life and decreases treatment-related morbidity. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) can overcome the limit of “line of sight” often met in classic transoral procedure. We utilized a robotic surgical system to evaluate the feasibility and oncologic safety of transoral partial pharyngectomy and laryngectomy. Materials and Methods: TORS was performed by using a “da Vinci surgical robot” (Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA). An FK retractor (Gyrus Medical Inc., Maple Grove, MN) was used to expose the cancerous lesion transorally, and an endoscopic arm was introduced through the oral cavity with two instrument arms placed 30 degrees apart from the endoscopic arm. We performed TORS on 1 patient with pyriform sinus carcinoma and 4 patients with glottic carcinoma as a prospective human trial. Results: Average surgical time measured was 39 minutes, including an average of 25 minutes used for locating the robotic surgical system in place and exposing the lesion. TORS can provide a magnified three-dimensional view and overcome the limitation resulting from the “line of sight” that hinders the classic transoral procedure. All surgical resection margins were free of carcinoma. There were no perioperative complications, and also, no mortality due to the surgical procedure. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the application of TORS for partial pharyngectomy and partial laryngectomy is technically feasible and safe.
“Transaxillary totally endoscopic robot-assisted ansa cervicalis to recurrent laryngeal nerve reinnervation for repair of unilateral vocal fold paralysis.”
Wright, S. K. and T. Lobe (2009).
Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques. 2009; 19 (SUPPL 19(SUPPL. 1).
Pediatric unilateral vocal-fold paralysis represents a source of significant morbidity, for which treatment options are quite limited. Conventional management strategies suitable for adults are not appropriate for the developing larynx. In this study, we report the first experience with minimally invasive laryngeal reinnervation. While open techniques for pediatric recurrent laryngeal nerve reinnervation have been performed, these require large, visible incisions, which limit the appeal of this technique. The transaxillary endoscopic approach to the neck significantly reduces pain and recovery time from cervical surgery. In this study, we report the feasibility of transaxillary totally endoscopic robot-assisted laryngeal reinnervation for unilateral vocal-fold paralysis. Operative time was less than 3 hours, and patients were discharged the day of surgery. No postoperative narcotics were required. Initial results are favorable. Â© 2009 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2009.