“Transoral Robotic Surgery of the Skull Base: A Cadaver and Feasibility Study.”
Lee, J. Y. K., B. W. O’Malley Jr, et al. (2010).
ORL 72(4): 181-187.
Objective: The goal of this study was to determine the potential role as well as the current limitations of the da Vinci Surgical System robot in transoral surgery of the skull base. Methods: The da Vinci robot was used to perform dissections of the skull base on 7 cadaver heads with their neck and clavicles intact. Neurosurgeons and otolaryngologists familiar with all facets of the open microscopic, minimally invasive, endoscopic and transoral robotic surgical procedure proceeded with the approach to and dissection of the human skull base. Results: The da Vinci robot provided superb illumination and 3-dimensional depth perception. The 30- degree endoscope improved cephalad visualization, and the ‘intuitive’ nature of the da Vinci surgical robot arms provided an advantage by their ability to suture the dura at the level of the clivus. An entirely transoral route provides access to the middle and lower clivus as well as the infratemporal fossa, but access to the sellar region and anterior cranial fossa is limited via a purely transoral route. Tremor-free dural closure was successfully performed. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that transoral robotic surgery utilizing the da Vinci robot system holds great potential for skull base surgical resection of extradural and intradural tumors of the middle and lower clivus and infratemporal fossa. A collaborative approach with neurosurgeon and otolaryngologist alternating at the master console and bedside is a successful strategy. Further instrument development is necessary, and continued investigation is warranted. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
“Selective neck dissection and deintensified postoperative radiation and chemotherapy for oropharyngeal cancer: A subset analysis of the university of pennsylvania transoral robotic surgery trial.”
Weinstein, G. S., H. Quon, et al. (2010).
Laryngoscope 120(9): 1749-1755.
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS:: The purpose of this study was to determine the regional recurrence rate of node-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) in patients undergoing transoral robotic surgery (TORS) and selective neck dissection (SND) followed by observation, radiation, or concurrent chemoradiation. STUDY DESIGN:: A prospective, phase I, single-arm study was conducted. All OPSCC patients who voluntarily participated in a surgical trial with TORS and SND at an academic tertiary referral center from May 2005 to July 2007 were included. METHODS:: Thirty-one patients with previously untreated OPSCC undergoing TORS and SND (29 unilateral and two bilateral) were included. There were 29 males and two females, with ages ranging from 36 to 76 years (median = 55 years) with one palate, one lateral wall, 17 tonsil, 11 base of tongue, and one vallecula primary tumor classified as follows: T1 (n = 9, 29%), T2 (n = 15, 48.4%), T3 (n = 7, 22.6%), N0 (n = 6, 19.4%), N1 (n = 15, 48.4%), N2b (n = 10, 32.3%), and N2c (n = 1, 3.2%). There were three stage I (9.7%), two stage II (6.5%), 15 stage III (48.4%) and 11 stage IVa (35.5%) patients. Twenty-two patients were treated postoperatively with adjuvant therapy (12 radiation alone and 12 combined radiation and chemotherapy). Primary outcome measured was regional recurrence rate. RESULTS:: There was one regional recurrence on the contralateral, non-operated neck and one distant recurrence among the 31 patients who underwent SND. CONCLUSIONS:: SND after TORS resection of primary OPSCC enables the use of selective and deintensified adjuvant therapy to reduce regional recurrence rates. Laryngoscope, 2010.