“Prophylaxis of erectile function after radical prostatectomy with phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors.” Deho, F., A. Gallina, et al. (2009).
Current Pharmaceutical Design 15(30): 3496-3501.
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is one of the most challenging complications associated with radical prostatectomy (RP) for clinically localized prostate cancer. Currently, a broad spectrum of therapeutic options are available to improve sexual health after surgical treatment. Several basic science reports highlighted a potential role for phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors in the prevention of endothelial damage related to ischemia reperfusion and/or denervation following surgery. Recent studies have shown that pharmacological prophylaxis soon after RP can significantly improve the rate at which erectile function is recovered after surgery. Use of on-demand treatments for ED in patients who have undergone RP has been shown to be highly effective. In this context, pharmacological prophylaxis potentially may have a significantly expanded role in future strategies aimed at preserving postoperative erectile function. We analyzed the factors affecting erectile function after RP and evaluated the evidence suggesting the role of pharmacological prophylaxis and treatment of ED after surgery. © 2009 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
“Urinary and sexual outcomes in long-term (5+ years) prostate cancer disease free survivors after radical prostatectomy.”
Gacci, M., A. Simonato, et al. (2009).
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 7.
Background: After long term disease free follow up (FUp) patients reconsider quality of life (QOL) outcomes. Aim of this study is assess QoL in prostate cancer patients who are disease-free at least 5 years after radical prostatectomy (RP). Methods: 367 patients treated with RP for clinically localized pCa, without biochemical failure (PSA ≤ 0.2 ng/mL) at the follow up ≥ 5 years were recruited. Results: Urinary (UF) and Sexual Function (SF), Urinary (UB) and Sexual Bother (SB) were assessed by using UCLA-PCI questionnaire. UF, UB, SF and SB were analyzed according to: treatment timing (age at time of RP, FUp duration, age at time of FUp), tumor characteristics (preoperative PSA, TNM stage, pathological Gleason score), nerve sparing (NS) procedure, and hormonal treatment (HT). Conclusion: We calculated the differences between 93 NS-RP without HT (group A) and 274 non-NS-RP or NS-RP with HT (group B). We evaluated the correlation between function and bother in group A according to follow-up duration. Time since prostatectomy had a negative effect on SF and a positive effect SB (both p < 0.001). Elderly men at follow up experienced worse UF and SF (p = 0.02 and p < 0.001) and better SB (p < 0.001). Higher stage PCa negatively affected UB, SF, and SB (all: p ≤ 0.05). NS was associated with better UB, SF and SB (all: p ≤ 0.05); conversely, HT was associated with worse UF, SF and SB (all: p ≤ 0.05). More than 8 years after prostatectomy SF of group A and B were similar. Group A subjects (NS-RP without HT) demonstrated worsening SF, but improved SB, suggesting dissociation of the correlation between SF and SB over time. Older age at follow up and higher pathological stage were associated with worse QoL outcomes after RP. The direct correlation between UF and age at follow up, with no correlation between UF and age at time of RP suggests that other issues (i.e: vascular or neurogenic disorders), subsequent to RP, are determinant on urinary incontinence. After NS-RP without HT the correlation between SF and SB is maintained for 7 years, after which function and bother appear to have divergent trajectories. © 2009 Gacci et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
“An analysis of sexual health information on radical prostatectomy websites.”
Mulhall, J. P., C. Rojaz-Cruz, et al. (2010).
BJU International 105(1): 68-72.
OBJECTIVE To define the nature of information posted on websites related to radical prostatectomy (RP), specifically its accuracy and comprehensiveness, as RP is associated with erectile dysfunction (ED). METHODS We reviewed 70 robotic RP (RARP) and 20 open RP (ORP) medical centres. Their websites were reviewed for various factors, by two separate reviewers whose reviews were not seen by each other. Websites were graded based on accuracy and comprehensiveness of information by the senior investigator. RESULTS Of the academic and community-based RARP centres, 55% and 79% had specific websites (P < 0.05); 45% of RARP sites had generic information copied directly from the website of Intuitive Surgical (Sunnyvale, CA, USA; the manufacturer of the robotic system). ED was mentioned by only 54% of RARP sites and 45% of ORP sites; 17% of RARP sites were deemed accurate, compared with 30% of ORP sites (P < 0.05). Just over 1% of RARP sites were considered comprehensive, vs 10% of ORP sites (P < 0.05). A third of RARP sites had a direct link to the Intuitive Surgical website (16% academic vs 53% community, P < 0.05), compared to 10% of open sites (P < 0.05). Of most interest was that half of the RARP sites suggested that ED rates were lower for RARP than for ORP; this compared to ED rates being cited as lower for ORP on 5% of the ORP sites (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS Despite the stature of RP as a treatment option for men with prostate cancer, and the recent increase in the use of RARP, the accuracy of information pertaining to sexual health on RP websites is poor, with many making false statements about the long-term outcomes for erectile function. This inadequacy appears to be greater on RARP than on ORP websites. © 2009 BJU International.
“Robot-assisted anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) using retroperitoneal approach.”
Kim, M. J., Y. Ha, et al. (2009).
Acta Neurochirurgica: 1-5.
Background: Over the past few years, robot-assisted surgery has become increasingly popular, affecting virtually all surgical fields. It has been proven to overcome pitfalls of laparoscopic procedures, such as high complication rates and steep learning curve. We have, therefore, performed experimental anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) using retroperitoneal approach in swine model to test the feasibility of robot-assisted surgery in spinal surgery. Method: In this report, we describe the setup with the da Vinci® surgical system, operative method, result and discuss technical aspects and the future of robot-assisted ALIF. Findings: Experimental retroperitoneal dissection using robotic surgical system was successfully performed with great visual cue, minimal retraction and minimal bleeding. Conclusion: Although retroperitoneal approach for spinal fusion has never been attempted with robotic surgical system, we could demonstrate the possibility with swine model. Further studies and development of appropriate instruments will bring minimally invasive spine surgery to a new era. © 2009 Springer-Verlag.